Ever end up with messages like these in your Linux system’s system log? (/var/log/messages or journalctl or whatever system log system you’re using)?
Apr 1 08:09:27 machinename kernel: ProcessNameThatCrashed: segfault at 00000000e5c5e000 rip 00000000081473d0 rsp 00000000e5c5aa30 error 4
Ever wonder what that error number means? Well, Raphael Geissert over at Raphael’s blog has a handy little lookup tool that I made use of today.
In my case, error 4 means “The cause was a user-mode read resulting in no page being found.”
As commenter “LittleAncientForestKami” explains, maybe not rocket science, but since I had no idea how to figure this out, really appreciated.
So, I thought I’d figure out what “rip” and “rsp” meant. “rsp” is probably a little hard to use, but “rip” is the address of the instruction where the crash occured, and you can figure out what function it points to using this technique described by StackOverflow user qrtt1:
- Dump the addresses of the crashing application by saying “
objdump -d ProcessNameThatCrashed | less” (where “ProcessNameThatCrashed” is the name of the crashing app)
- Search for the address in ‘less’ by typing “/”, then entering the address name (in this case, the address I’m searching for is ‘81473d0’).
A few (or maybe many) lines up from the line matching the address in question, you should see the name of the function that crashed:
81473c4: 55 push %ebp
81473c5: 89 e5 mov %esp,%ebp
81473c7: 83 ec 18 sub $0x18,%esp
81473ca: 8d 55 fc lea 0xfffffffc(%ebp),%edx
81473cd: 8b 45 08 mov 0x8(%ebp),%eax
81473d0: 8b 00 mov (%eax),%eax
In this case ‘fourBytesNetworkToHost’ is the name of the function that crashed.
Assuming you have Homebrew installed already:
- Launch Terminal
- “brew install boost” (without the quotes). Notice errors. Try updating brew by doing a ‘brew update’. Failures. Notice by looking at /Users/<userid>/Library/Logs/Homebrew/boost/01.bootstrap.sh that “brew” is at version 0.95 on my machine. Research brew and see it’s on version 1.4.0. Reinstall Brew as though it’s never been installed (even though it is). Notice install says success despite printing a couple of errors during the install. Use “sudo rm /usr/local/share/man/man1/brew.1” and “sudo rm /usr/local/share/doc/homebrew” and re-install brew: /usr/bin/ruby -e “$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)” to fix.
- Retry “brew install boost”. Success! And brew has installed the latest Boost (1.66.0); under the old version of brew it was trying to install version Boost 1.59.0.
So I installed IPython today. It was a bit of an adventure, so thought I’d document it here, in case it helps anyone else (including my future self, heh):
- Installed Python 3.6 (the default, 2.7, included with macOS, isn’t new enough). This puts the “python3” executable on your machine, which you can invoke similarly to “python” (which will invoke the default OS-supplied Python, probably 2.7).
- Got ‘pip‘. Note this was a convoluted process that involved copying some text from the pip website, pasting it into a text file, then executing that text file from python3 like so: ‘python3 get-pip.py’ (without the quotes). This yielded the ‘pip3.6’ executable, located here: /usr/local/bin/pip3.6
- Used the ‘pip3.6’ executable to download ‘ipython’: /usr/local/bin/pip3.6 install ipython
- Noticed that IPython looked like it installed correctly, but ‘ipython’ didn’t run from the command line immediately after that, and the installation path wasn’t noted anywhere in the installation output. Turns out, IPython added its installation location to my PATH via my .bash_profile file, but didn’t tell me. I reloaded my .bash_profile like this, and all was good: source ~/.bash_profile
- Now I’ve got IPython! Invoke like this from the command line like this: ‘ipython’. Output looks like this:
- Macintodffeb798:local me$ ipython
Python 3.6.3 (v3.6.3:2c5fed86e0, Oct 3 2017, 00:32:08)
Type ‘copyright’, ‘credits’ or ‘license’ for more information
IPython 6.2.1 — An enhanced Interactive Python. Type ‘?’ for help.In :
Simple! Just create an SSH tunnel. Or a couple of them.
Create SSH tunnel to MySQL server running on port 3306 on 192.168.213.207 so that server appears to be running locally on port 3307:
ssh -L 3307:127.0.0.1:3306 firstname.lastname@example.org -NnT
Create SSH tunnel to MySQL server running on port 3306 on machine2 so that server appears to be running locally on port 3308:
ssh -L 3308:127.0.0.1:3306 root@machine2 -NnT
Compare the fancyDatabaseName database on each machine using the
mysqldbcompare tool (part of the
/usr/local/bin/mysqldbcompare --email@example.com:3308 --firstname.lastname@example.org:3307 fancyDatabaseName
Explanation of flags to ‘ssh‘:
Specifies that the given port on the local (client) host is to be forwarded to the given host and port on the remote side. This works by allocating a socket to listen to port on the local side, optionally bound to the specified bind_address. Whenever a connection is made to this port, the connection is forwarded over the secure channel, and a connection is made to host port hostport from the remote machine. Port forwardings can also be specified in the configuration file. IPv6 addresses can be specified with an alternative syntax:
[bind_address/]port/host/hostport or by enclosing the address in square brackets. Only the superuser can forward privileged ports. By default, the local port is bound in accordance with the GatewayPorts setting. However, an explicit bind_address may be used to bind the connection to a specific address. The bind_address of ”localhost” indicates that the listening port be bound for local use only, while an empty address or ‘*’ indicates that the port should be available from all interfaces.
-N will disable the ability to execute a remote command.
-n will prevent reading from stdin.
-T will disable the pseudo-terminal allocation.
Seeing a bunch of this recently at work. The root cause is eluding me at the moment… if you’ve seen it, please chime in!
(1) Hanging out with Cam, Melissa and Frank Thursday night.
(2) Hanging out at Devin’s Friday night with Christina, Melissa and Eduardo; good food, beer and shark stories around a backyard fire pit
(3) Saturday morning, Gasparilla 5k in Tampa, beat my goal by 30 seconds with a time of 33:27.
(4) Saturday night, Avenue Q (great) at the Golden Apple Dinner Theatre downtown with Joy, Heather, Pam, and two new friends, Leonor and Cynthia.
(5) Sunday afternoon, watching my first-ever polo match at the Sarasota Polo Club with Jovee, Chrissy and Saba. Dressed up as Jeff Goldblum for a celebrity look-alike contest. Met two ultimate players, Dan and Justin, from out of town, just because we were throwing a disc around.
(6) Sunday evening, birthday party with Jovee and Chrissy at South Lido County Park. Played beach bocce!
A few pics from this whirlwind:
Sarasota Polo Club:
Birthday at South Lido County Park:
Boo! Hey all.
Been a while, yes, I know, what’s new right? But you’re all reading this with your RSS reader, right?
If you’re not, check out Google Reader. It’s a free, always-accessible web application made by Google, that makes keeping up with infrequently updated sites like this one, a snap. Instead of you having to check in on the website all the time for new content, it will do drudge work for you, and TELL YOU when there’s an update. Then you can read it, any any other sites you’ve “subscribed to”, right from within their user interface. Very handy.
(link will open in new window)
I’ve been doing well; very busy at work, which is a good thing to be sure in this economy. But it’s left little time for other activiities, such as writing here. I seem to have gotten either a spare moment, or I’m just taking a moment, to take a breath, so I thought I’d give you all an update.
Not even sure if I’ve mentioned it here before or not, and I’m too lazy to go check the archives; in any case, I’ve moved in with Joy and things are going well. I’m almost unpacked; there are a few boxes here and there but it’ll just take another couple hours of dedicated cleanup and I should be moved in!
One of the things I’ve been unpacking is my computer, my trusty old G4/733 Quicksilver. It recently had what I think is a videocard failure; thing is, I replaced the video card with what I thought was the stock card (ebayed for $15), and now it’s giving me a kernel panic upon boot. It’s got Tiger (10.4) installed on it, and I tried booting from a Leopard (10.5) install cd, but no dice. I’m suspecting the card I got from eBay was bad, so I’ll be looking for another shortly to see if I can get my computer up and going again. Optimally I’d like to have it working before the next OS X release is out (Sept?), so I can advertise it on Craigslist as having the “latest OS” 🙂
That’s all for now.. more to come later.